图片转webp

原创:linux2019/12/06发布pv:1uv:1ip:1twitter #linux

原文地址:https://www.douyacun.com/article/064adc339d4c8a874c965d14cfc43fa4

安装

mac

mac直接使用brew安装就好,brew请求的github,慢的话可以ss开启全局模式

$ brew install webp

centos7 因为是png、gif、jpeg转webp,所以这里需要libpng,libjpeg,giflib

libpng,libjpeg

sudo yum install libjpeg-turbo-devel libjpeg-turbo libpng-devel -y

webp还需要依赖LibTIFF, http://download.osgeo.org/libtiff/这里可以下载最新的安装包

$ cd /opt
$ wget http://download.osgeo.org/libtiff/tiff-4.1.0.tar.gz
$ tar -zxvf tiff-4.1.0.tar.gz && cd tiff-4.1.0
$ ./configure
$ make && make install 

giflib安装, 这里可以获取最新的giflib https://sourceforge.net/projects/giflib/files/latest/download

$ cd /opt
$ wget https://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/giflib/giflib-5.2.1.tar.gz
$ tar -zxvf giflib-5.2.1.tar.gz
$ cd giflib-5.2.1
$ make && make install

libwebp安装, 从github获取即可 http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/view/svn/general/libwebp.html

$ cd /opt
$ wget https://github.com/webmproject/libwebp/archive/v1.0.3.tar.gz
$ tar -zxvf v1.0.3.tar.gz
$ cd v1.0.3
$ ./configure --prefix=/usr           \
            --enable-libwebpmux     \
            --enable-libwebpdemux   \
            --enable-libwebpdecoder \
            --enable-libwebpextras  \
            --enable-swap-16bit-csp \
            --disable-static
$ make && make install

安装完libwebp之后,执行dwebp或者cwebp命令报 dwebp: error while loading shared libraries: libwebpdemux.so.2: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory 错误的解决办法:

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib:/usr/lib
echo "export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib:/usr/lib" >> ~/.bashrc

添加环境变量:

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib echo $LD_LIBRARY_PATH echo "export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib" >> ~/.bashrc

libwebp提供的功能

cwebp

compresses an image using the WebP format.

dwebp

decompresses WebP files into PNG, PAM, PPM or PGM images.

gif2webp

converts a GIF image to a WebP image.

vwebp

decompress a WebP file and display it in a window.

webpmux

creates animated WebP files from non-animated WebP images, extracts frames from animated WebP images, and manages XMP/EXIF metadata and ICC profile.

libwebp.so

contains the API functions for WebP encoding and decoding.

这里主要是用到cwebp的功能

$ cwebp
Usage:

   cwebp [options] -q quality input.png -o output.webp

where quality is between 0 (poor) to 100 (very good).
Typical value is around 80.

我这里测试了一下quality 10 80 100的效果,当前使用webp的主要目的是为了减小图片的大小节省流量。

quality 10

stack.png

stack.10.webp

$ cwebp -q 10 stack.png -o stack.10.webp
$ Desktop ll stack.*
-rw-r--r--  1 douyacun  staff   8.3K 12  1 23:09 stack.10.webp
-rw-r--r--@ 1 douyacun  staff   127K 12  1 23:08 stack.png

可以看到减少了118.7k, 然后在看下效果:

可以看到10的这个效果也是非常吃惊,像一些清晰度要求不高的场景使用webp绝对超值

stack.80.webp

$ cwebp -q 80 stack.png -o stack.80.webp
Saving file 'stack.80.webp'

$ ll stack.*
-rw-r--r--@ 1 douyacun  staff   8.3K 12  1 23:09 stack.10.webp
-rw-r--r--@ 1 douyacun  staff    19K 12  1 23:15 stack.80.webp
-rw-r--r--@ 1 douyacun  staff   127K 12  1 23:08 stack.png

quality 10和80的区别也只是一些颜色上的区别,没有出现锯齿的效果,而且80也是只有19k

stack.100.webp

$ cwebp -q 100 stack.png -o stack.100.webp
Saving file 'stack.100.webp'
-rw-r--r--@ 1 douyacun  staff   8.3K 12  1 23:09 stack.10.webp
-rw-r--r--@ 1 douyacun  staff    36K 12  1 23:20 stack.100.webp
-rw-r--r--@ 1 douyacun  staff    19K 12  1 23:15 stack.80.webp
-rw-r--r--@ 1 douyacun  staff   127K 12  1 23:08 stack.png

100压缩有36K

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  • 10 条评论
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    D

    暂不支持上传文件